Sunday, October 10, 2010
A brief history of dreams
The Bible, as the Greek authors, are full of prophetic dreams: the dream is the preferred way of the gods to send their wishes or their threat to humans. Already, it appeals to people "qualified", or Sybille magicians, to correctly interpret the dreams that are given much importance.
The sixteenth to nineteenth century Dreaming is not playing
Cheers rationalism! In this era of scientific and philosophical dreams, considered a dark residue of superstition, has more space. Passenger held for a disorder and futility of reason, it interests no one except perhaps a few romantics who see him as a poetic state (but still meaningless).
1900 The dream, an expression of our innermost desires
In the late nineteenth century, some precursors begin to question the functions of sleep. But the real revolution is that of psychoanalysis, which puts the dream in the center of its new approach to the human spirit. In 1900, Freud published The Interpretation of Dreams.
His premise: the dream is the royal road to knowledge of the unconscious. This part of us that we can not control and which contains impulses, feelings, instincts, expressed through our dreams. These are all the messages it sends us to express our desires or our discomfort secrets. This theory still stunning form the basis of most of our modern conceptions of the dream.
1912 Dreams Have a language to them?
Carl Jung, a former disciple of Freud, soon develops a theory divergent, formalized in 1912 by the book Transformations and symbols of the libido, which blurs the final with Freud. Among the most influential theories, the notion of "collective unconscious", which is the keeper of dreams Archetypes regulating ancestral human species, which survive through our dreams. But also the idea that dreams have a specific language: Jung rejects the Freudian idea that certain elements have the same meaning regardless of the dream or the dreamer, and asks that each dream makes its own symbolism.
1958 The dream is not peculiar to man
In 1958, French researcher Michel Jouvet made a fascinating discovery: the dream is related to a certain phase of sleep, which he called "paradoxical sleep", which exists in all warm-blooded animals, ie, that birds and mammals. The man is not alone in dreaming. REM introduces a new set of assumptions, including the idea that the dream would be used to build each one's individuality, reliving what we went through and as we prepare for our future actions. Nevertheless, Michel Jouvet himself acknowledges that still knows very little REM sleep. The history of dreams still has a bright future ahead of it before we finally discovered the key ...