To believe the statistics, men are more focused on the sciences, women into science and humanities. Is it by taste, by nature? What is the influence of society on educational policies and professional choices?
Science Has a gender? Traditionally, men seem to live in action, while women prefer meditation. Perhaps this reflects Does the fact that procreation and caring for children have long forced women to stay at home more? While men provide for their needs. Today, despite the changing mores and attitudes, men and women seem to continue to choose different directions. What explains these differences?
Coded language or sexual preferences?
To mark their connivance, men love to talk cars or other technology, thus avoiding intimate subjects. Proud of their knowledge, they rarely boast of having zero in math. For many women, rather it is a luxury that had never understood the abstract theories or be overtaken by technology! In contrast, women are moving easily on discussions of a psychological: they excel, and succeed in this field to assert frivolous by the men, who often wait for the floor it leads to action!
The parents' fault?
Even if things are changing, parents have long sought to steer boys toward professional occupations "serious" and dynamic (engineer, doctor, computer, commercial, etc..) Whereas for girls, they were more interested in flourish "their sensitive fiber" (educator, teacher, nurse, nursery nurse, decorator, etc.).. If in fact the professional boundaries between men and women begin to fade, parental pressure maintains the system of sexual differentiation. The still male-dominated society encourages it too, this conservative approach that leaves most often order items for men. And some assistance from the Grandes Ecoles scientists still disadvantage women (more of seats offered to male candidates). This inequality is found naturally in hiring.
Yet, the desire to reduce inequalities between men and women revealed that they were not due to a genetic inheritance. It is therefore to break "bad habits" that have existed for years. Thus, in politics, French law requires the recently gender on electoral lists, to eliminate discrimination that made no sense. But the delay is to catch up in areas where women were underrepresented in medicine, science, business executives, etc.. Not easy to erase centuries-old traditions! Research laboratories are well run mostly by men. Marie Curie in 1911 and Irene Joliot-Curie in 1935 are among the dozen or so women (11 exactly) to receive the Nobel science prizes ... over 400!