Wednesday, October 27, 2010
The status of Hindu women
At the time when the West voting laws in favor of gender equality, the position of the Hindu woman in India today remains precarious.
Any girls education is facing the only important day of their lives: marriage, when they become respectable women. Hindu society is governed for over 2000 years by the laws of Manu which state: "God attributed to the woman's anger, dishonesty, malice and immorality. From birth to death, it depends on a man , first her father and her husband, and after the death of it, son. " The marriage would be a way to curb the vice worn by women.
The conversation between Shiva and Uma, reported in the Mahabharata defined the role of the Hindu wife. Uma meets the god of asceticism:
"The duties of women are created by the rite of marriage when, in the presence of nuptial fire, she became associated with his master for the performance of righteous acts. It must be nice and sweet, treat her husband as her god, serve him in the fortune as in misfortune, health and disease, obeying orders even if he acts contrary to justice or acts that may lead to its own destruction. It must, up early, serve gods, maintain the cleanliness of his house, treating the sacred fire home, do not eat before the needs of the gods and guests are met. It is dedicated to her father and mother and father and the mother of her husband . The devotion to her lord is the honor of women. It is his eternal heaven. "
Through marriage, the woman becomes the servant of her husband. Keeper of the hearth, she oversees the needs of her husband. Respecting the pativrat (consecration vows to husband), the woman made his dharma. Marriage does so no personal development of women. They are like a property that passes to the father in-laws.
The birth of a daughter, in a Hindu family, is seen as a calamity. So much so that in some clinics, where the ultrasound shows a girl female, mothers prefer to abort. Many baby girls are killed at birth. The sex ratio over the whole territory is 927 girls per 1000 boys. He even reached an alarming figure in Punjab from 793 girls per 1,000 boys. The girls are real burdens, since we raise them, feed them and pay the dowry at marriage, the latter sometimes reaching astronomical amounts. Forbidden by the 1961 Act, it is still required by the laws.
The country is trying to measure the extent of the catastrophe he himself created. India now has thousands of "bare branches", young men who can not marry and have children, therefore, unable to find a wife. Their number is estimated at 30 million by 2020, 12 to 15% of the adult population.
A married woman is subject to the authority of his parents and his beautiful husband. Many reports indicate that violence against women are increasing at. There is an increase of 75% of crimes against women including rape, indecent assault and torture of beautiful families. The murder of young brides is common but increasingly denounced. People each year in India over 7000 women burned alive in scholarly staged because of unpaid dowry. The laws of Manu state "a very drunken husband, lepers, sadistic or brutal to be revered as a god."
On the death of her husband, the wife loses more of his social standing. Widows rarely inherit their deceased husband, although the law provides for the sharing among the widow and children. The Hindu belief says that the woman does not deserve to survive her husband and must sacrifice himself on the pyre. This practice called Sati was banned during the British colonization in 1829.
However, the steam appears to be reversed today. For twenty years, feminist movements have appeared and their status improves. Some women now have access to positions traditionally reserved for men.
One way for women to access social recognition is worship of Amman. The deity of southern India is another aspect of the mother goddess. Symbolized by a stone at the entrance to villages, it represents the elemental forces of the forest. At festivals, women absorb betel, marijuana and alcohol to enter into a trance. Having completed the purification rites, the pujari breaks a coconut on the stone of Amman. At that time, women washed away by the sound of the drums go into a trance. Possessed by the goddess, the participants want to reach out to absorb some of the power of Shakthi.
In India, less than 10% of sadhus are women, mostly widows. Called "sadhvi", they are not widely accepted in the sects of sadhus because of their "corrupting influence". The Hindu belief is that women are reborn first as a man to be freed from the cycle of reincarnation.