Friday, October 1, 2010
What is toxoplasmosis?
Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a parasite in meat and in need of a "carrier". Animals, consuming raw meat, and especially cats are often carriers of the parasite found in feces. It is a mild disease to humans, whose symptoms often go unnoticed, except in pregnant women who have not previously been immunized.
Many people have already had toxoplasmosis, it is verified by a simple blood test.
How do you get toxoplasmosis?
While pregnant, contamination can be done either by eating raw meat or blue (mainly sheep), or via a pet, either by eating fruits and vegetables unwashed and unpeeled .
Prevention: the blood
For a first pregnancy, doctors prescribe a mandatory blood test to determine if the pregnant woman is already immune against toxoplasmosis. It then looks for antibodies that prove that the pregnant woman has already been in contact with the disease and she able to defend itself in case of another attack. For those who have never contracted the disease, Testing will be performed each month of pregnancy. If in doubt about a food, treatment will be prescribed and monitored fetal development will be enhanced to find any defects.
What effects on the fetus?
The toxoplasmosis parasite is known for the disruption it causes in the developing fetus, especially during the first quarter, when installing the nervous system. An estimated 17% rate of contamination of the baby during the first quarter, 25% in Q2 and 60% in the last quarter. But contamination in the third quarter was less severe.
There is no vaccine against toxoplasmosis, only prevention is effective. The danger of fetal malformation exists (eye malformations, cerebral, visceral, ...). Fortunately, they have become rare today because of routine screening for the disease during pregnancy.
The precautions to take during pregnancy
To limit the risk of contracting toxoplasmosis, it is necessary to have a rigorous daily hygiene. Therefore, avoid touching raw meat and prefer to eat well-cooked meat.
Wash your hands as often as possible, especially if you've hit the ground and wear gloves when gardening. If you have a cat, pay close attention to the feces by changing his litter ...